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How is CBD metabolised?

Taking CBD oil can offer a number of potential physical benefits, but understanding how it does so can be a little confusing; especially when it comes to its specific interactions with your nervous system.

So, how does your body react to CBD and how does the method of consumption speed up or slow down the process?

How is CBD metabolised?

When CBD enters your body it goes into your system with the end-goal of interacting with CB1 and CB2 receptors in your body. Once taken, it passes down your oesophagus, through your stomach and enters the digestive tract. 

Once inside the small intestine, your villi absorb the CBD and cause it to enter your bloodstream. This then enters your circulatory system and is transported through your hepatic portal vein to your liver, where it is broken down and metabolism properly begins. 

After the CBD is in your liver, this is then metabolised – producing the potential, desired effects in the body that CBD is commonly taken for. While this process is normally quite quick and occurs within the hour, consuming fatty meals can cause the lipids to delay the breakdown of CBD, delaying the process and even reducing the effectiveness of the dose.

However, depending on how you choose to ingest or consume CBD, the end results can be very different on how it is metabolised by your body.

How does consumption affect how it is metabolised?

Depending on how it is taken, CBD can have a number of different effects 

Oil: If your CBD supplement of choice is suspended in a carrier oil, this is generally taken as a tincture and held under your tongue. This is one of the simplest ways to consume the supplement as it passes into your stomach and is absorbed through your digestive tract. 

– Affects the whole body, which can be handy for enjoying multiple benefits from CBD.
– Useful for neuropathic pain due to CBD’s ability to interact with your CB1 receptors.
– Can be slow depending on what you have consumed or your natural body chemistry.

Balm: A topical application of CBD through a cream that is applied to the skin. As with other medical treatments such as steroidals, this does not enter your body through your bloodstream but is instead infused through the pores on your skin. This tends to result in the CBD affecting the applied area alone and any treatment thick enough to permeate through the skin will be plentiful enough to provide benefit for most of the day. It’s the slowest of all metabolising methods, but useful when it comes to CBD’s ability to potentially help with joints and aches. 

– Able to target painful areas for treatment.
– Slow to infuse but long-lasting once applied. 
– Limited absorption that arguably does not draw full benefits compared to other consumption options.

Vape: If you choose to use a CBD infused e-liquid, then the substance is inhaled in vapour form. Once held in your lungs, the CBD is quickly absorbed by your body’s alveoli. Once absorbed, the CBD passes directly into your bloodstream allowing you to immediately benefit from the substance’s positive effects. Of all the methods, this is the fastest but it carries some potential risks in regards to the carcinogens present in the vape cloud. 

– The quickest method of consumption.
– Useful as a quick response to issues.
– Potential hazards with vape use.